Le Zhang, Wei Cui, Bing Li, Zhenghua Chen, Min Wu and Teo Sin Gee
IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics (2021)
Publication year: 2021

Recent studies have demonstrated the success of using the channel state information (CSI) from WiFi signal to analyze human activities in a fixed and well-controlled environment. Those systems usually degrade when being deployed in new environments. A straightforward solution to solve this limitation is to collect and annotate data samples from different environments with advanced learning strategies. Although workable as reported, those methods are often privacy sensitive because the training algorithms need to access the data from different environments, which, may be owned by different organizations. We present a practical method for the WiFi-based privacy-preserving cross-environment human activity recognition. It collects and shares information from different environments, while maintaining the privacy of individual person being involved. At the core of our approach is the utilization of the Johnson-Lindenstrauss transform, which is theoretically shown to be differentially private. Based on that, we further design an adversarial learning strategy to generate environment-invariant representations for human activity recognition. We demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method with different data modalities from two real-life environments. More specifically, on the raw CSI dataset, it shows 2.18% and 1.24% improvements over challenging baselines for two environments respectively. Moreover, with the DWT features, it further yields 5.71% and 1.55% improvements respectively.

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